Competencies for Librarians Serving Children in Public Libraries

A Call for More Free, Accessible Professional Development

A Children’s Librarian By Any Other Name…

“Early childhood educator,” “parent educator,” “community worker,” and “social worker.”

These are all terms Children’s Librarians have used to describe themselves in the 2017 Every Child Ready to Read report. Children’s Librarians are expanding their skill set and taking on new and exciting roles to best serve their communities. The caveat, of course, is that many librarians are not trained as early childhood educators, parent educators, community workers, or social workers. As our job description expands, so is our need for training and mentorship. The strong sentiment in the field that library and information graduate programs don’t adequately train librarians with real life skills persists. In a 2014 article on the recruitment and retention of Children’s Librarians, Virginia Walter states “no public library can assume that a graduate of an ALA-accredited program has received any relevant training” (p. 27)

The lack of preparation to be a Children’s Librarian was also reflected in a 2013 Pew survey of libraries:

“One library staff member said while the library has an early childhood literacy program, ‘our staff needs training so they can feel qualified to talk to parents about taking literacy seriously with their children.’” (Pew, 2013)

In addition to a lack of training, Children’s Librarians appear to face other barriers to professional development and gaining relevant skills once they enter the workforce:

  • Lack of funding. Webinars, trainings, and conferences can be expensive and libraries vary in the amount of financial support they can provide.
  • Lack of time. With many librarians working solo in youth services, there simply isn’t enough time to sit down and read a resource or watch a training.
  • Difficulty Identifying the Need. It is no secret that librarians are jacks of all trades. Many of us have taught ourselves how to do storytime or run a slime program. It can be tempting to believe that librarians don’t really need training since they are so good at figuring things out on their own!

Peer Sharing

As pointed out by Lindsey Krabbenhoft (co-founder of Jbrary) in her post, “Where Have All the Bloggers Gone?” Children’s Librarians rely heavily on peer-sharing but this avenue seems to be dwindling, at least in the form of blogs. Relevant information can feel scattered and hard to organize. There is also is a need to acknowledge the difficult reality that relying exclusively on peer sharing often times means relying on the good will and free labor of librarians. While librarians tend to enthusiastically share their work, the structural gaps are still present.

Our Two Cents: The Cardigan Newsletter

We began The Cardigan Newsletter in November 2018 because we were looking for more avenues to be connected to other Children’s Librarians and to reinvent the peer-sharing model. We wanted to learn from our peers and to share what we have learned. Our motto is: “It takes a neighborhood to nourish a Children’s Librarian,” because we recognize that we need each other to be happy, healthy, and effective librarians.

While we know that The Cardigan Newsletter does not fully fill the gap for free, accessible professional development resources, we wanted to address the barriers to professional development listed above (lack of funding, lack of time, and identifying the need). The Cardigan Newsletter lands in inboxes once a month and includes links to free webinars and other free professional development resources, presents bite-sized information related to the profession, and asks to hear from our “neighbors” to share and celebrate what they are doing. Each newsletter is turned into a PDF and is accessible through a Google Drive folder. We hope to collect the best tools available to help us excel at our jobs. Throughout the month, we share our projects as well as those of our followers on Instagram (@thecardigannewsletter).

While the Cardigan has been our method of choice to contribute to information and resource sharing, there are other solutions to improve the structures at play:

  • Continue to advocate for relevant, skill-based training in graduate programs.
  • Seek out a mentor through a program like ALSC’s free mentorship program
  • Become a mentor to a new librarian
  • When developing a resource, consider ways to make it more accessible

In summary, our jobs are changing and so must the pipelines that train us and and sustain our professional development.  In the meantime, we can learn so much from each other’s programs, knowledge in reader’s advisory, and expertise in child development. So please, children’s librarians, ask to write an ALSC Blog post. Share with The Cardigan your successes. Tell your coworkers what you’re learning – we are all better because of it!

We would also love to hear from you in the comments:

  • What are your favorite professional development resources?
  • What barriers have you faced?
  • What would you like to see more of?
  • What has been the most valuable in your professional development?

Photo of Allie Barton & Katherine Hickey
Photo courtesy of guest bloggers

Today’s guest bloggers are Allie Barton & Katherine Hickey. Both Allie and Katherine are Children’s Librarians in Oklahoma and co-founded The Cardigan Newsletter together.

Please note that as a guest post, the views expressed here do not represent the official position of ALA or ALSC.

If you’d like to write a guest post for the ALSC Blog, please contact Mary Voors, ALSC Blog manager, at

This blog post relates to ALSC Core Competency of Professionalism and Professional Development.


  1. Tammie Benham

    I’ve been monitoring the discussion on social media regarding librarians taking on the role of early childhood educators. As someone with dual advanced degrees in LIS and ECE, I’m interested in this topic.

    Early Childhood Education is a discipline that is very far advanced. There exists much research on brain development, play-based learning, whole child learning, and a plethora of other topics related to how very young children gather and process information. There are also professionals in this field who continue to teach, study, and develop, and use best practices in a continuous improvement loop. It’s a highly sophisticated, if under-appreciated field.

    Individuals conducting programming in public libraries whose primary audience is young children are serving as educators, whether recognized or not. There are many differences in the two professions but perhaps the most noticeable is intent.

    Early childhood teachers receive instruction on child development, scaffolding the acquisition of skills, and the importance of family engagement in the learning process. Although there are exceptions, libraries seem to be using information regarding how and what children learn, and integrating it into programming, at a slower pace. Education is taking place, whether intentional or not.

    The intentional use of the early childhood knowledge base may be a result of expected outcomes or organizational goals. For teachers, this is clear. For librarians understanding their scope of societal contribution may take re-envisioning what is possible beyond the love of reading and expanding thoughts on the value in what is being offered to the public.

    In some ways libraries have an advantage-family members are often in attendance at programming involving children in the early years. Leveraging this attendance and understanding what’s possible are important determinants of the quality of programming during the early childhood years.

    There is value in reaching children and families through public library programming-the library profession, and those in youth services, will determine whether this value is embraced and expanded.


    Sounds like interesting thing

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